Think of your rifles gearbox like the engine in your car, if you do not maintain either, over time the performance will decrease. If you continue to neglect them and fail to do proper maintenance, they will breakdown completely. While you cannot predict or prevent catastrophic breakdowns of any mechanical equipment you can take precautionary measures that will ensure the least amount of downtime possible.
Airsoft Gun Troubleshooting Guide
Start with good airsoft ammunition. Precision bb's are worth every dime. BB weight is critical to both accuracy and distance. Never use lighter than 0.20g as lighter BB's will not fly straight and are a safety hazard if shot from a higher powered gun as they may shatter inside your barrel. If your rifle shoots 350 FPS or higher and your target groupings are erratic then you may need to use heavier 0.23 or even 0.25 gram bb's. If accuracy problems persist and your sure your ammunition is not the problem, then you may need to check your hop up unit for proper operation.
Airsoft Rifle hop up units stabilize fired rounds by placing a specific amount of backspin on the airsoft bb as it exits the barrel. A rubber bucking or sleeve provides the air seal and a "rubber nubbin" provides the pressure point for backspin. Hop up units should be dialed in (adjusted) one click at a time, like a rifle scope until desired accuracy is achieved. CAUTION Over-hopping can cause severe bb jams and place extra back pressure on gearbox, causing internal damage. Rubber bucking and nub should be replaced once a year with moderate operation to avoid drying. Bucking should be kept oiled between uses and backed completely off (0 hop up setting) during longer storage periods.
Airsoft rifle barrels should be kept clean and oiled to avoid excess jamming. After-market barrels are available in tighter bore and longer length options. Keep in mind the smaller the diameter of your barrel the tighter the air seal achieved. This will improve performance but you MUST use precision BB's with tight bore barrels to avoid frequent jamming and damage.
Airsoft Rifle battery and wiring must be maintained in good working order for best performance. Airsoft batteries due have a shelf life and are best replaced once a year for best performance. Battery voltage can have a large impact on your airsoft guns Rate Of Fire. Lets say your rifle come's standard with an 8.4 battery and the stock gear set is providing a ROF of 10-11 BB's per second. By using a 9.6 volt battery you will increase your ROF to 13-15 BPS. Please note you will increase rate of wear and tear to your internal parts with faster RPM's. Check your airsoft rifle repair manual for specific ratings.
Airsoft Rifle Metal Gearbox units are the heart and soul of all airsoft guns. If your gearbox fails in a battle...You Fail! If it fails on the range you can just fix it. Knowing the smooth sound your gearbox makes when firing correctly can go a long way to preventative maintenance and avoiding costly major crashes. Great upgrade and repair kits are available for most airsoft electric rifle repairing projects.
Novice airsoft rifle repairing free DIY help can be found all over the internet to assist you with airsoft rifle repairing. Make sure to do some research on your airsoft model so when the time comes for repairing your rifle, you can handle the project.
Well till next time...
Mr. Necessary OUT!!